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This work has been implemented within the framework of the “Fate, Effect and Removal Potential of Xenobiotics present in Aqueous Matrices (IX-Aqua)”, UPGRADING/DURABLE/0308/07, co-funded by the Republic of Cyprus and the European Regional Development Fund through the Research Promotion Foundation of Cyprus.

WP1: Project Management

The specific and overall management of the work in the various phases will be carried out by the University of Cyprus (OH).


WP2: Dissemination & Exploitation of Results

One of the main objectives of the project is to disseminate knowledge on the following important problems and opportunities:

  • the existence of xenobiotics in the conventionally treated urban wastewater and water and the need to remove them due to their unknown or partially proved effects on the environment
  • the potency of various xenobiotics of causing effects to human and other organisms the capability of various treatment processes to remove such compounds and
  • the capability of using solar energy for the photon assisted catalytic oxidation process and therefore
  • the capability of developing a green technology for regions enjoying sunlight for the biggest part of the year.

Another objective is to promote networking among the partners the aim being the sharing of experiences and good practices in the present and ensuring collaboration on established know-how in the future.




WP3: Development, training, application of advanced analytical methods for xenobiotics analysis

 The main objectives are:

  • to develop/optimize of the effective analytical protocols capable of monitoring pharmaceutical residues, drugs of abuse and chlorinated by-products in water and wastewater matrices and
  • to acquire the experience on preparation protocols e.g. filtration, extraction/enrichment, etc. and on multi-residue methods and other advanced analytical systems for the analysis and quantification of selected xenobiotics and their transformation products.


WP4: Development and application of advanced biological methods for xenobiotics impact

The main objective is to delineate and investigate the effects of selected compounds through the use of modern techniques of molecular biology and cellular biology. The methods developed will be applied during the implementation of WP5 for validation, comparison with analytical methods, and decision making on the feasibility of the integration of chemical and biological methods and wastewater disposal and reuse applications.


WP5: Investigation of the fate and behaviour of xenobiotics in various treatment trains

The main objectives are:

  • to investigate the fate and behavior of selected xenobiotic compounds during various wastewater treatment trains,
  • to determine which treatment trains are more efficient in removing the xenobiotics of concern from wastewater and to promote innovative technologies capable of removing ‘emerging compounds’ from wastewater scheduled for reuse, that will uutilize the abundant solar energy in areas in the Euro-Mediterranean basin and reduce the energy finger print of this region in the Urban Wastewater Treatment (UWT) sector and demonstrate the use of solar sun as a feasible source of photons for SHPC with titanium dioxide, and
  • to Increase the acceptance of water reuse for agricultural and urban irrigation and groundwater recharge and therefore help reduce the water scarcity in water-stressed regions in the Euro-Mediterranean basin by providing them water free of residual organic compounds.